Natural Resources Management

Are you paying too much for your electric power usage?

Fears of global climate change and limited resources have increased energy awareness and conservation by both consumers and utilities. Electricity is one of the easiest resources to waste because energy consumed by consumers is largely invisible. Energy meters are usually hidden away, bills are paid by direct debit, and only a few users have any idea how much they are using, let alone wasting. 

Inside of a house, there are many devices, systems, and appliances, including lighting, laptops, dishwasher, HVAC systems, security cameras, and other consumer electronics. The problem is that none of them are able to communicate – they are not smart.

Applying the Internet of Things (IoT) technology to an existing installation, such as smart energy monitoring system, can supply better information and lead to better decisions.

The IoT addresses the urgent energy conservation needs of society by making energy consumption visible to both homeowners and businesses. The IoT will help businesses and homeowners understand and reduce their electricity consumption.

A smart IoT based wireless energy monitoring solution allows you to know which appliances are currently on and the current and past energy consumption. The system provides detailed information about the energy usage of different appliances individually or as a whole and notifies you of your extra energy consumption.

Easy to use iOS and Android apps makes it easy to keep an eye on your home while you are away. Get an instant overview of how much you're spending on your energy with the graphics and statistics function within the app, and know what to expect before your bill even arrives, making unexpected surprises a thing of the past.

Smart system solution can help you conserve energy and monitor the real cost of your habits — such as leaving the TV on when no one’s watching. Using the IoT in energy saving saves electricity and money, lowers carbon pollution, and reduces environmental footprint.


Energy Efficient Smart IoT Plugs helps cut Energy Usage and Energy Bills

Smart home is not only about making home safe and automated, it is also about saving energy by switching on and switching off appliances at home as well, using Internet of Things (IoT) enabled systems.

People want ways that can be more energy efficient and can conserve energy, because it is not only better for the environment but it also helps save money

A smart home by using Internet of things (IoT) technology, can save 10% of electric power consumption, according to the study by U.S.- based Consumer Technology Association (CTA).

WiFi enabled Smart plugs can help save energy - by making you aware of how much energy has been used by each of your electrical appliances. Smart plugs collects the energy usage information about the appliance which then gets transmitted via WiFi to a cloud-based data portal.

With this data collected, it can become clearer when the appliances are left on stand-by, or open – user will get to know the visibility of where the energy is getting lost, and where the potential savings lie.

Some of the features of energy efficient smart plugs:

  • Easy to plug portable device with wireless connectivity
  • View current energy usage or look at historical data including daily, weekly and monthly usage.
  • View energy usage pattern of particular appliances compared with other energy-efficient star rating models.

Solution allows to remotely monitor, control, and automate the electrical appliances from one interface – whether that’s on a PC, iOS, or Android device. Schedule weekend and overnight run-times for refrigeration, air conditioners, or any appliance.

IoT enables smart Plug will lead to huge cost cuts as people will get to know what is going on where. Energy efficient plugs helps conserve energy, reduce unnecessary energy consumption, and carbon footprint emissions. 

How IoT Enabled Thermostat Helps in Saving Energy and Money

45% of the average US household’s energy use goes to space heating and 6% of the average US household’s energy use goes to space cooling. Potential to save on energy and money on heating and cooling is what draws most people to smart thermostats in the first place. The other reason, of course, being able to control thermostat remotely.

True IoT enabled smart thermostat uses sensors installed around the house to detect occupancy and adjusts the temperature accordingly. It teaches itself the behavioral patterns of the users for improved performance. A thermostat gets connected to a Wi-Fi network and can be controlled from anywhere via smartphone app. Features like alert notifications on your smartphone and display of the outdoor temperatures on a thermostat adds more value in your busy life.

A smart thermostat is not only convenient, but if used wisely, it can save huge amount of energy which eventually results in saving you money. When you upgrade yourself from the manual thermostat to any smart thermostat, the first difference you will experience is the ability to control it remotely, from any smart device. This remote access exemplifies a new style of comfort unseen in normal thermostats; the feeling of coming home to a truly pleasant atmosphere.

How much energy and money can be saved with a smart thermostat depends on:

  • Energy Usage – leaving the air condition ON whole day in summers or heaters in winters and not switching them OFF or scheduling them before leaving.
  • Energy Cost – getting more expensive every year.
  • Climate Conditions – living in a temperate climate region or in a region having both extreme winters and summers.
  • HVAC Systems – regular HVAC maintenance habits (like keeping filters clean) makes a difference as well.

With smart thermostats you get the complete control over your home’s heating and cooling equipment to eliminate unnecessary heating and cooling of your home, saving your money and enhancing your comfort.

How IoT is paving the way to Smarter Street Lights

Street lighting has always been a major concern in energy efficiency because it represents 10% to 20% of the electricity used in most countries—sometimes more in developing countries. Street lighting faces many problems. Some of these are:

  • Street lights left on during the day, lead to a wastage of electricity. 
  • Inadequate/poor fault managing mechanism, leads to a delayed repair of the faulty lights.
  • Non-uniform light intensity levels, lead to energy waste.
  • No mechanism to check the power theft and leak from the lines meant for the street lighting supply, leading to revenue loss 

Switching to LEDs is not enough to save the energy that is wasted in the listed above methods. To use the street lighting in an energy efficient manner, a smart intelligent wireless sensor network of Internet of Things (IoT) enabled device has to be installed to monitor and control the light system and to send the real-time data along with the location to the secured cloud. 

Web based remote cloud dashboard helps track and control the actual energy consumption of the street lights. With cloud data analytics, service providers can better manage the information and can take appropriate energy consumption reduction measures to improve efficiency and conservation efforts by better managing and controlling the street lights to save energy. 

The following benefits are foreseen with the IoT based solution.

  • Time based scheduling on/off of street light
  • Energy conservation mode enabled during peak hours
  • Demand side management through dimming of lights during non-peak hours
  • Monitoring of energy consumed for street lighting
  • Monitoring of faulty street lights
  • Energy theft monitoring
  • Energy leak detection

This IoT solution will reduce emissions and energy consumption by making street lights efficient. Analyzing data and creating actionable insights can improve operations, reduce cost and decrease inefficiencies for service providers and their partners.


How the Internet of Things Can Help Household Consumers to Conserve Water

As compared to industrial and agricultural consumers, household consumers of water are the smallest but have a large impact on water usage. 

At the household level, outdoor watering like lawns, driveway, steps etc. accounts for almost 30 percent of water use, according to an analysis published by Environment Magazine. Toilets (19 percent), washing machines (15 percent), showers (12 percent), and faucets (11 percent) also use the substantial amount of water. Then there’s the 10 percent of water lost to leaks which are not always easy to detect.

Smart Water Saving solutions leveraging IoT technology is the answer to take water conservation to a new level. IoT technology will enable smart water meters and sensors to be deployed in houses.

Smart Water Meters: To check water usage, using analog meters, owners and water suppliers will have to go and read the meters themselves, as meters cannot report water usage due to lack of connectivity. Connected smart water meters leveraging IoT technology can enable owners to view their water usage more easily, and can also send immediate alerts to homeowners if they are using too much water. Owners of homes will no longer have to wait for the end of the billing cycle to be notified. 

Smart Water Flow Sensors: a Hidden maze of pipes exist in all houses, so it is difficult to detect leaks. Smart sensors can enable immediate detection of leaks. If a sensor detects water flow even when no water using appliance is running, the sensor can send an alert. The owner can then make the necessary repairs. 

Leveraging Internet of Things (IoT) technology allows new ways to be opened in water conservation. Smart Water Saving solutions allow water-using appliances to connect wirelessly and send data to a cloud-based system that can be accessed from a smartphone, allowing real-time water usage monitoring, analytics for comparing water usage over time (day-wise, week-wise, month-wise), checking the actual water consumed by the appliances.


Smart communication, sensor technology and near to real-time analysis, insight, and action can save large sums of money and countless hours detecting leaks.


How the Internet of Things Can Improve Quality of Air for a Healthy Life

Air Quality is something that has been talked about for decades by international organizations such as the EAP. Today the air we breathe contains harmful and even carcinogenic pollutants that are dangerous to the health of people. In 2016, according to the Global Burden of Disease Project, pollution caused about 5.5 million deaths per year.

Air is polluted by plenty of different pollutants whether it is inside or outside a building. The major pollutants include Ozone, Carbon Monoxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Particulate Matter, Sulfur Dioxide, and Lead. These pollutants are extremely dangerous to the health of humans and animals alike and have been affecting 95 million people as reported by The 2015 World’s Worst Pollution Problems report. Now that we know a problem exists what can we do to create a solution? 

The answer is the Internet of things. Advancement in the Internet of things improved the technology to collect, store, and share information. With this technology we have the potential to improve air quality. Sensors and other collection devices, mobile technologies, analytics and cloud computing make it easier to monitor and analyze air quality, and with the information at hand we can easily understand variations and trends of air quality. 

The data provided by this technology will revolutionize decision-making capability that impacts both, our environment and us. For example; the Air Quality monitoring system which we can provide at your home, work, factory, office, or school uses sensors to collect real-time data such as humidity, temperature, carbon monoxide, ammonia, and particulate matter. Current as well as historical data can be easily accessed over the smart mobile devices from anywhere influencing your future decisions. 

Based on analysis and trends, you can set your preferences, like schedule a time to automatically open vents, start de-humidification or air-conditioning units, and switch on the heating.

With the help of IoT technology driven Smart Air Quality monitoring systems, you can help yourself and everyone for generations to come.


Internet of Things (IoT) – Unlocking Its Power.

Exponential growth of smart devices like mobile phones, low-cost technologies (sensors, wireless networks, big data and cloud computing), mobile connectivity, and volumes of data are the driving force of Internet of Things (IoT).

As the IoT evolves, there will be billions of connected devices. Cisco, estimates this number to be around 50 billion in 2020. EMC and IDC are somewhat more conservative, putting the 2020 IoT population at 30 billion, while Gartner comes in with 26 billion. However, even with these various numbers the sheer number of devices will continue to grow opening up a larger market for IoT.

Deriving meaningful information from the huge volumes of data that connected devices produce can improve decision–making and enable proactive insights.

The IoT is emerging as the third wave in the development. Smart products like smart watches are already gaining grip as stated in Goldman Sachs Global Investment Research’s report.

Organizations can use IoT to achieve cost savings by improving asset utilization, enhancing process efficiency, and boosting productivity. More importantly, Internet of Things opens the door for various enterprises to offer a wide range of new business models and services that can completely change the way we are living today.


With such a tremendous growth, IoT-driven innovations are expected to increase research and development investment going into it. Organizations must watch the IoT space closely to see what’s in it for them! 


Psychology Of Water Consumption

Water is a basic necessity of life impacting all walks of our life from quenching thirst to cleaning to keeping natural greenery around.  

As we use water the very soft nature and soothing effects of water makes us totally forget about the levels of consumption done in specific events. Be it taking a hot or cold shower, cleaning the floor, cleaning the utensils, watering the grass, drinking cold or hot water, everything gives us some kind of craving due to feel good factor and we get indulged into use of water beyond real need.  

When we look at water usage we realize maximum water used by a person is while at home. We do most daily activities starting from the early morning to till we go to bed.  

  • Bath & Wash Like Wash basin, Shower/bath tub and Toilet:  We use a good amount of hot/cold water during our morning hours to start our day. We do certain use of above consumption type during various parts of the day.  
  • Kitchen and Cleaning Like Kitchen Sink, Drinking water and House cleaning: Daily multiple times we use water during food preparation and very basic cleanups during the eating and cooking as well as during house cleanup.   
  • Appliances Like Dishwasher and Cloth Washer : We use water a lot of it during this type of use but not on daily basis or multiple times during the day.  
  • Garden / Plants: We use water a lot of it during this type few times a week

                                                               Water Consumption Pattern


How one can manage the psychology of water use?

We all know we have to consume in limited quantity but we do not have means to know somehow while we are using or after the use rather than getting a bill at the end of the month and forget in next one hour all the resolutions we make for water consumption control.

A constant effective reminder (not by a person saying close the tap... :-)) can slowly train the brain for managing this craving. The human intervention in the process of identification of use and communication has to be none to not have brain develop resistance.   To help in above we can think of a Robot sitting at our water supply line constantly monitoring our use of water, identifying intelligently the type of use and communicating with us via various simple means of a display/buzzer bots, smartphones display etc. giving us the results based on intelligent analyses based on current and historic use.  


Smart Sprinkler Controller to Maximize Water Conservation

With the current global droughts owning a lawn, flower beds, or vegetable garden is a privilege. Overwatering them doesn't just waste water, it also hurts plants. As seasons change the length and time you need to water plants changes. If this can be monitored throughout the year you can save money and water. 

Experts estimate that today’s outdated sprinkler systems can waste as much as 50 percent of the average U.S. household’s outdoor water consumption due to evaporation or runoff.

The arrival of the Internet of Things (IoT) enhances connectivity. Real-time soil moisture sensors, rain sensors, and WiFi combines together to help make gardens smarter, allowing people to save water, energy, and reduce water bills.

An IoT enabled smart sprinkler controller which can be controlled with a Mobile application provides greater visibility and automatically controls and schedules the sprinkling systems. The smart controller can work with existing sprinkler systems by simply replacing the old controller. This new smart sprinkler connects to the internet via your home Wi-Fi and can be controlled from your iPhone, iPad, Android smartphone/tablet. 

Some of the key advantages of this new smart system are:

  • Control  of your sprinkler system through your phone 
  • Customization of your water scheduling duration and frequency 
  • Increasing the watering at the dry spots of your lawn from your phone
  • Automatically turn off sprinklers when rain is anticipated 
  • View real-time and historical data to understand your water usage pattern

By watering each area separately when it is required, your lawn gets the best amount of water to keep it healthy and green. At the same time a significant part of water is saved that is wasted by traditional sprinklers. Cloud-based software and mobile friendly intuitive app helps monitor and manage watering from your computer, smartphone, or tablet and helps you save money and the Earth. 

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